What are the best preventions for bacterial vaginosis

By | July 5, 2017

Bacterial vaginosis is a common condition among women. In many cases, affected women do not show any symptoms, but some experience abnormal clumpy discharge and/or fishy odor. Other common symptoms are pain, itching, and irritation during and after sex.

It is highly important that this infection does not go untreated as it can lead to more serious conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and increased vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). In pregnancy, untreated bacterial vaginosis can lead to low birth weight and pre-term birth. Reduce your risk of getting the infection by practicing these simple preventive steps:

* A healthy diet is the first key to preventing bacterial vaginosis. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables and lower your intake of refined carbs and sugar. Studies show that people with high-sugar diets are more vulnerable to harmful yeast and bacteria. Garlic, in particular, is known to be helpful in preventing bad bacteria overgrowth.

* Observe good hygiene. Wash the vagina and anus at least twice a day using mild soap (avoid feminine products). Wipe the area gently but thoroughly after urinating or defecating.

* Wear cotton undies and pants that aren’t too tight in the crotch. This allows airflow and prevents moist buildup, which often causes infection.

* Keep your immune system at peak condition by avoiding too much stress, getting enough sleep, and exercising regularly.

* Take probiotics that contain at least 1 billion CFUs – this information can be found on the label of the bottle. The probiotic should also contain the acidophilus species and “food” for the good bacteria such as inulin, pectin, and cellulose. These ingredients ensure that a higher number of good bacteria survive from the date of manufacture to the time of consumption.

* Eat probiotic yogurt every day. A study shows that BV episodes can be reduced by 60% after consuming 150 ml yogurt containing Lactobacillus Acidophilus every day for 2 months. Other foods rich in beneficial bacteria are kefir, kimchi, tempeh, sauerkraut, pickles, and other fermented foods.

* Use any other probiotic products that address symptoms of BV, such as probiotic tampons and vaginal suppositories. Some products can be applied directly to the area. Oral supplements can also be used as a preventive measure.

* Use condoms, especially if you notice that sexual intercourse triggers infections for you. Also, avoid douching to help keep the bacteria levels in the vagina balanced. If you get infections quite easily, both the alkaline content of semen and douching can disrupt your vaginal pH.

* Reduce the number of sexual partners. Better, be in a monogamous relationship and be faithful to your partner. If you have a female partner, also use protection consistently and wash shared sex toys carefully to avoid spreading of infection.

* It’s always best to practice safe, protected sex to avoid STIs, whether or not you’re suffering from bacterial vaginosis. Preventing the infection is much easier than treating it after it has occurred.

Finally, educating yourself regarding the signs and symptoms of BV is also a way to prevent the progression of the infection firsthand. If you experience symptoms of bacterial vaginosis, seek treatment immediately to prevent more serious health problems.